Making and Using AI in the Library: Creating a BERT Model at the National Library of Sweden

Chris Haffenden, Elena Fano, Martin Malmsten, Love Börjeson


How can novel AI techniques be made and put to use in the library? Combining methods from data and library science, this article focuses on Natural Language Processing technologies, especially in national libraries. It explains how the National Library of Sweden’s collections enabled the development of a new BERT language model for Swedish. It also outlines specific use cases for the model in the context of academic libraries, detailing strategies for how such a model could make digital collections available for new forms of research, from automated classification to enhanced searchability and improved OCR cohesion. Highlighting the potential for cross-fertilizing AI with libraries, the conclusion suggests that while AI may transform the workings of the library, libraries can also play a key role in the future development of AI.

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Copyright Chris Haffenden, Elena Fano, Martin Malmsten, Love Börjeson

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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