Self-learning of Information Literacy Competencies in Higher Education: The Perspective of Social Sciences Students

Maria Pinto, Rosaura Fernández-Pascual, Francisco Javier García Marco


Preference for autonomous versus directed learning for the acquisition of information competencies (ICs) was analyzed among undergraduate social science students according to gender, degree program, belief in importance, and self-efficacy. Data were gathered using the IL-HUMASS (Information Literacy Humanities Social Sciences) online survey from students at five public Spanish universities enrolled in audiovisual communication, education, information science, pedagogy, journalism, psychology, social work, and tourism undergraduate programs during the 2013–2014 academic year. Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis, and chi-square tests, as well as discriminant analysis, were performed. The results revealed a higher preference for the directed learning style in the four IL competency categories: searching, evaluation, processing, and communication-dissemination. Audiovisual communication, education, and journalism students showed a predilection for autonomous learning, whereas information science and psychology students preferred directed learning. Higher scores in belief in importance correlated with a greater preference for autonomous learning. In contrast, higher levels of self-efficacy were associated with a greater preference for directed learning.

Full Text:

Copyright Maria Pinto, Rosaura Fernández-Pascual, Francisco Javier García Marco

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Article Views (Last 12 Months)

No data available

Contact ACRL for article usage statistics from 2010-April 2017.

Article Views (By Year/Month)

January: 31
February: 45
January: 13
February: 27
March: 515
April: 88
May: 72
June: 49
July: 27
August: 37
September: 35
October: 121
November: 60
December: 52
January: 0
February: 0
March: 0
April: 106
May: 15
June: 11
July: 4
August: 14
September: 13
October: 6
November: 11
December: 9