College & Research Libraries is a scholarly research journal published by the Association of College & Research Libraries.

Current Issue: September 2022

Cover: College & Research Libraries volume 83, number 5, September 2022

Introduction to the Special Issue: Critique as Care: Disrupting Narratives of the One-Shot Instruction Model

Nicole Pagowsky

A collective feeling seemed to characterize responses to the “Contested One-Shot” guest editorial I wrote one year ago, which turns a critical eye to the one-shot instruction model. It also invited proposals for this special issue that you (virtually) hold in your hands. Collective does not necessarily mean all of the same feelings or opinions, but there was an overwhelming indication of catharsis in reading about and potentially contributing to a special issue that would dig into this oft-criticized instruction model. There were additionally a handful of defensive reactions to support the one-shot. It is clear that this topic draws out strong feelings and needs space for critique and discussion. ...

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You Only Get One Shot: Critically Exploring and Reimagining the One-Shot Instruction Model

Annie Pho et al.

This article explores the one-shot library instruction model by asking critical questions about how it has become ubiquitous in the field. The authors developed these questions with the intent to understand how early-career librarians become acculturated to one-shots, how social identity and positionality shape instructional practices, its impact on burnout, equity, and sustainability, and how the one-shot could be reimagined. This article employs personal critical reflection as a methodology, using interviews with the team of authors and two external participants. Analysis of the interview data showed themes of organizational acculturation with one-shot training, empowerment/disempowerment to employ ...

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Serving Everyone or Serving No One? Examining the Faux-Equity of the One-Shot

Zoe Bastone, Kristina Clement

While the one-shot model of instruction is the most common model of library instruction, a review of the literature highlights that academic librarians have struggled to identify how and if it is possible to meet curricular needs. This theoretical literature review takes a critical look at the one-shot and argues that this model fails to be the equitable model we think it is. This literature review examines the one-shot by examining its role in combating or upholding information privilege, whether it can be used when supporting learners with disabilities, and what alternatives exist for instruction practices going forward. ...

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One-Shots in Special Collections and Archives: Moving from Gatekeeper to Guide

Colleen Hoelscher

Instruction in special collections and archives spaces has evolved from the once ubiquitous show-and-tell sessions, but it remains reliant on the one-shot model where classes visit the reading room to work with primary source material in a standalone session. As Nicole Pagowsky points out, “One-shots are transactional; content is requested and then deposited into student’ minds…” In special collections, this content takes the form of preselected rare books and manuscripts on a given topic, with which students interact for an hour or so before continuing on with their semester. These sessions, particularly at smaller institutions, are often limited by the breadth of the repository’s collections, which may have only a tenuous connection to course assignments and learning objectives. ...

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It Doesn’t Matter How Many “Doses”: One-Shots Aren’t Cures

Michele Santamaria, Jessica Schomberg

Drawing from Wendy Holliday’s use of metaphor to generate exploration around information literacy discourse, we pose some preliminary ideas about mapping a vaccination metaphor onto one-shots. We do so to offer another lens through which to explore the mechanisms and implications of one-shots being viewed as common-sensical and unassailable. Thus, we apply the timely vaccination metaphor to dig deeper into damaging assumptions about one-shots investigated in Pagowsky’s “The Contested One-Shot.” These assumptions include the claim that more sessions circumvent the problems of one-shots and that one-shots create transferable knowledge for learners. Finally, this article considers how these assumptions inform and are informed by prevalent understandings of how misinformation works. ...

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A City Is Not a Computer: Other Urban Intelligences

Reviewed by Scarlet Galvan

YWhen Grand Valley State University completed their Allendale, Michigan campus library’s remodel in 2013, it reflected a specific vision for a transportation hub, which is probably why it feels like an airport when I go to work. What does it mean to embrace that intense liminality? People, ideas, objects, community, as always transitioning from one space to another, until they’re required to hold still, lockdown, and quarantine. This metaphor is expansive and full of the possible, though I occasionally wonder about its limits. Hubs, nodes, and clusters in networks (and their associated movements) expose the limits of developmental metaphors, and so I’ve read Shannon Mattern’s A City Is Not a Computer: Other Urban Intelligences with this in mind. ...

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