College & Research Libraries is a scholarly research journal published by the Association of College & Research Libraries.

Current Issue: July 2022

Cover: College & Research Libraries volume 83, number 4, July 2022

An Introduction and the Year Ahead

Kristen Totleben

Elegance of language may not be in the power of all of us,
but simplicity and straightforwardness are. ~ Henry Alford

These words are on a plaque on the podium where my institution’s library staff meet monthly (in-person and virtually) for the University of Rochester’s River Campus Libraries all-staff meeting. For the past 11 years, I have looked at this quotation many times during others’ presentations and for my own. As the next College & Research Libraries Editor, I feel thrilled, excited, fascinated and nervous. It is an honor and a challenge to be the next in line to steward scholarship in our profession through this journal. ...

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How Policies Portray Students: A Discourse Analysis of Codes of Conduct in Academic Libraries

Megan Bresnahan

In academic libraries, “codes of conduct” are policies that define what people who use those libraries are allowed to do in library spaces and serve as rules for enforcement. In this policy discourse analysis, the author examines these policies to understand what dominant discourses emerge about students who use libraries. The discourses represented in these policies portray students through frames of deficit thinking, adultism, exclusion, and surveillance. The study advocates for a critical shift in the design and purpose of these policies, and the results may inspire academic librarians to revise their policies to center care and respect for students. ...

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Digital Scholarship Programs in Practice

Benjamin Wiggins et al.

Digital scholarship programs, a university unit of relatively recent origin, provide support and community for scholars integrating digital technologies into their research, teaching, and engagement work. But they have not been well defined in higher education scholarship and sometimes not even well understood on their campuses. To clarify the nature of digital scholarship programs, we surveyed what they do in practice. Using a combination of systematic searching of university websites and a survey instrument with 12 qualitative and 5 quantitative questions ...

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Community College Students’ Perceptions of Their Information Literacy Needs

Don Latham et al.

Semistructured interviews were conducted with community college students in Florida and New York, two diverse states with robust community college systems, to explore their self-perceptions of their information literacy (IL) needs. Findings indicate that students value IL in their personal lives, their academic work, and their careers, though it means somewhat different things to them in each of those areas. They think of IL in terms of skills rather than threshold concepts, and they feel that the most important skill is finding information, followed by evaluating information. ...

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Developing Competencies for Outreach Work in Academic Libraries

Rebecca Metzger, John M. Jackson

This research study investigates the behaviors, knowledge, and skills necessary for academic library outreach work. Through a review of published literature, job advertisements, and a survey of library practitioners conducted in the fall of 2020, the authors define and prioritize 18 competencies for outreach. Hiring managers, LIS instructors, and practitioners can use the results of this study to structure and lay out the essential areas of outreach work in academic libraries. ...

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Profit over Privacy: How Surveillance Advertising Conquered the Internet

Reviewed by Julie Setele

You exit an online store, leaving behind an item in your cart, only to receive a follow-up email encouraging you to reconsider. Later, after getting together with friends and chatting about their new wardrobe, you find your social media feed inundated with clothing ads directing you to purchase the same items that you were admiring on your friend. These are some of the visible ways that surveillance advertising plays out in our lives today. Such prevalent consumer monitoring and targeting was not always the norm, nor did the internet have to develop in this way, as Matthew Crain makes clear in this dense but readable text. ...

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